> Forums
Reply
1
> Painting and Modelling > Painting Questions > Any Latin scholars? Requesting help.
TOPIC: Any Latin scholars? Requesting help.
PM rzg6f
Standard User
Posts: 9
Any Latin scholars? Requesting help.
rzg6f
10th Aug 2016 06:55:05

Hello, after spending some time on my 28s, I getting back to my 6's. I'm basing my Romans today and I'm adding small labels to the bases to identify the units. I can't find anywhere in my literature or on the web how to label the cohorts in Latin, which I'd like to do. I know that they were called, simply "the first cohort," "the second cohort," etc. I just don't know which declensions to use. My labels look like this:

LEG XI CLAUDIA - P - F

I cohortem

I found something like this, but due to space, I'd like to use numbers instead

  • primo cohortem
  • secundo cohortem
  • cohortis tertii
  • quarta cohors
  • et quinta cohors
  • cohors sexta
  • cohors septima
  • cohors octava
  • nona cohortem
  • decimam cohortem

Not sure what to go with (e.g. Cohors I or I Cohortem), any advice is much appreciated.

Richard in Saxony


PM steve1
Standard User
Posts: 6
Any Latin scholars? Requesting help.
steve1
10th Aug 2016 07:34:46

A long time since Latin lessons at school, but I hope these help.

First cohort - primo cohortem

second cohort - cohors secunda

third cohort - cohortis tertii

fourth cohort - quarta cohors

fifth cohort - quinta cohors

sixth cohort - cohors sexta

seventh cohort - septimam decimam cohortem

eigth cohort - octo cohortis

ninth cohort - nona cohortem

tenth cohort - decimam cohortem

Auxiliaries - Auxilia

Legion cavalry - alarii equites

Personally I would use Roman numerals and just abbreviate names to COH; e.g. I COH etc. Hope it helps with naming the units.

Steve from Wales


PM rzg6f
Standard User
Posts: 9
Any Latin scholars? Requesting help.
rzg6f
10th Aug 2016 07:45:41

Thanks a lot, that helps and the abbreviations are better in any case!


PM Themomage
Standard User
Posts: 1
Any Latin scholars? Requesting help.
Themomage
10th Aug 2016 03:03:10

I'm no Latin expert, but Wiki tells me that "Cohors" is a feminine noun, and I THINK that the ordinal number would follow the noun, in the same way that you see inscriptions to LEG XI (as you mentioned), being the eleventh legion. You'd therefore have (in the nominative and vocative cases anyway):

Cohors prima, ... secunda, ... tertia, ... quarta, ... quinta, ... sexta, ... septima, ... octava, ... nona and ... decima

That said, the previous poster's idea of COH I, COH II, COH III, COH IV, COH V, COH VI, COH VII, COH VIII, COH IX and COH X makes a lot of sense, and would conform to what we can still see today on monuments. 

Clive


PM ithoriel
Standard User
Posts: 61
Any Latin scholars? Requesting help.
ithoriel
11th Aug 2016 12:00:29

I'd third the idea of using the contractions the Romans thamselves used.

This dedication stone put up by the First Cohort of the Tungrians at Vindolanda, for example.

COH I TUNGRORUM

Antonine Wall Inscription - COH 1 Tungrorum

 


Growing old is mandatory, growing up is entirely optional!

1
 

LATEST FORUM POSTS

Polemos FPW by Romulus
16th Feb 2018

models in Marian Roman Army Pack by peter
15th Feb 2018

6mm dirt roads by Battle Brush Sigur
15th Feb 2018

Baccus on the Meeples and Miniatures Podcast by peter
14th Feb 2018

Imperial Project : La bataille de Loigny ! by LEmpereur
12th Feb 2018

UPCOMING SHOWS

Hammerhead (Newark Showground)
3rd Mar 2018

Salute (Excel Centre, London)
14th Apr 2018

Partizan (Kelham Hall, Newark)
20th May 2018

Phalanx (Sutton Leisure Centre, St. Helens)
16th Jun 2018

Joy of Six (Sheffield)
15th Jul 2018

LATEST RELEASES

Great War British - Desert Mounted CorpsGreat War British
Desert Mounted Corps

Great War Indian - Indian Army Division PackGreat War Indian
Indian Army Division Pack

GWE15 - Indian 2.5GWE15
Indian 2.5" RBL and crew

GWE13 - Indian cavalryGWE13
Indian cavalry

GWE12 - Indian Vickers Guns and crewGWE12
Indian Vickers Guns and crew